Property Tax : Nature & Meaning of Property
NATURE AND MEANING OF PROPERTY
The Property Tax Act, Chapter 81:21, was put into operation by Act No. 19 of 1962, paving the way for property tax to be charged from the year of assessment beginning 1st January, 1962. The Property Tax Act is one of the Acts administered by the Commissioner – General, Guyana Revenue Authority.
NATURE OF PROPERTY TAX
Property Tax is an annual tax charged on the net property which any person, including an individual and a company, owns at the end of each year.
MEANING OF PROPERTY
The term ‘Property’ as used in relation to the Property Tax Act refers to all property movable or immovable, rights of any kind, and effects of any kind, situated or having their seat in Guyana or elsewhere and the proceeds of sale thereof, and any money or investment for the time being representing them.
MEANING OF NET PROPERTY
Net Property is the amount by which the total value of the property owned by any person at the end of the year, exceeds the total value of all debt owed by him at that time.
Persons Required To File Property Tax Returns
With effect from the year of assessment 2000, year of income 1999, any individual who owns net property in excess of one million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000.00) is required to submit a Property Tax Return.
For the period years of assessment 1993 to 1999 (inclusive), individuals with net property in excess of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000.00) are required to file property tax returns.
A Company must file a return of net property with effect from year of assessment1993 if its net property is in excess of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000). For all the years of assessments, prior to year of assessment 1993, a company must file a return of net property irrespective of the value of net property.
DUE DATE FOR SUBMISSION OF RETURN AND PAYMENT OF TAX
The due date for submitting returns is 30th April, in the year immediately following that in which the property was owned.With effect from the year of assessment 1989, every person to whom the Act applies is required to calculate the tax payable and to pay on the basis of the return at the time of filing.
Penalty Filing A Late Return
Filing a return or payment of tax after the due date attracts the following penalties:-
Two percent (2%) of the tax assessed and;
Where the Commissioner has issued a demand notice for the submission of the return, a penalty of five percent (5%) of the tax assessed if the return is not submitted within the time specified in the notice.